2 Open Access Statements

2.1 Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities

"Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities." 22 October 2003. http://www.zim.mpg.de/openaccess-berlin/berlindeclaration.html

"CERN Signs Berlin Declaration." Open Access Now, 7 June 2004. http://www.biomedcentral.com/openaccess/news/?issue=17#news1

"European Institutions Support Open Access with the 'Berlin Declaration.'" Open Access Now, 17 November 2003. http://www.biomedcentral.com/openaccess/news/?issue=9

Gruss, Peter. "Open Access to Science and Culture." Science Magazine, 16 January 2004, 311-312.

Kaser, Dick. "The Politics of Open Access." Information Today 20, no. 11 (2003): 16. http://www.infotoday.com/it/dec03/kaser2.shtml

Schiermeier, Quirin. "Open Access Wins German Support." Nature, 23 October 2003, 752.

Stafford, Ned. "Open Access Europe." The Scientist, 22 October 2003. http://www.biomedcentral.com/news/20031022/06

Suber, Peter. "Berlin Declaration." SPARC Open Access Newsletter, no. 67 (2003). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/11-02-03.htm#berlin

2.2 Bethesda Statement on Open Access

"Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing." 20 June 2003. http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/bethesda.htm

2.3 Budapest Open Access Initiative

Budapest Open Access Initiative. "Budapest Open Access Initiative." 14 February 2002. http://www.soros.org/openaccess/read.shtml

———. "Budapest Open Access Initiative Frequently Asked Questions." http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/boaifaq.htm

———. "Self-Archiving FAQ for the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI)." http://www.eprints.org/self-faq/

Butler, Declan. "Soros Offers Open Access to Science Papers." Nature, 14 February 2002, 721. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/soros.html

Dodd, Darren. "Scientists Push for Open Access Publishing." Information World Review, 17 April 2002. http://www.iwr.co.uk/iwreview/1130980

Friend, Frederick J. "BOAI: the Budapest Open Access Initiative." In 2nd Workshop on the Open Archives Initiative (OAI): Gaining Independence with E-Prints Archives and OAI, CERN, 17-19 October 2002, Geneva, Switzerland. Geneva: CERN, 2002. http://agenda.cern.ch/askArchive.php?base=agenda&categ=a02333&id=a02333s9t2/video

Grimwade, Alexander M. "Open Societies Need Open Access." The Scientist 16, no. 4 (2002): 10.

Guédon, Jean-Claude. "The Budapest Initiative for Open Access." Information Services & Use 23, no. 2-3 (2003): 171-173.

Guédon, Jean-Claude, and Melissa Hagemann. "Creating Scientific Value with Open Access: A Background Paper for the Budapest Meeting, January 16-18, 2003." (2003). http://www.soros.org/openaccess/pdf/background_paper.pdf

Hagan, Pat. "Cash Boost for Research Access." The Scientist, 15 February 2002. http://www.biomedcentral.com/news/20020215/03

Peek, Robin. "The Great BOAI Experiment." Information Today 19, no. 4 (2002): 40.

Poynder, Richard. "George Soros Gives $3 Million to New Open Access Initiative." Information Today 19, no. 4 (2002): 20, 24. http://www.infotoday.com/newsbreaks/nb020218-1.htm

Spedding, Vanessa. "What Is Best Practice for Open Access?" Research Information (Summer 2002). http://www.researchinformation.info/risummer02soros_open_society.html

Suber, Peter. "BOAI Discussion List Launched." D-Lib Magazine 9, no. 4 (2003). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/april03/04inbrief.html#SUBER

———. "Budapest FOS Conference." Free Online Scholarship Newsletter, 5 December 2001. http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/12-05-01.htm

———. "The Budapest Open Access Initiative." Free Online Scholarship Newsletter, 14 February 2001. http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/02-14-02.htm

2.4 NEAR

Case, Mary M. "Community Responds to Proposals Regarding the Journals Crisis." ARL: A Bimonthly Report on Research Library Issues and Actions from ARL, CNI, and SPARC, no. 204 (1999): 7-10. http://www.arl.org/newsltr/204/response.html

Shulenburger, David E. "Moving with Dispatch to Resolve the Scholarly Communication Crisis: From Here to NEAR." ARL: A Bimonthly Report on Research Library Issues and Actions from ARL, CNI, and SPARC, no. 202 (1999): 2-3. http://www.arl.org/newsltr/202/shulenburger.html

2.5 OECD Final Communique

Editorial. "Declaring Good Intentions." Open Access Now, 15 March 2004. http://www.biomedcentral.com/openaccess/editorials/?issue=14

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. "Science, Technology and Innovation for the 21st Century. Meeting of the OECD Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy at Ministerial Level, 29-30 January 2004—Final Communique." 30 January 2004. http://www.oecd.org/document/0,2340,en_2649_34487_25998799_1_1_1_1,00.html

Quint, Barbara. "OECD Ministers Support Open Access for Publicly Funded Research Data." Information Today NewsBreaks & The Weekly News Digest, 9 February 2004. http://www.infotoday.com/newsbreaks/nb040209-2.shtml

2.6 Tempe Principles

Alexander, Adrian. "Living the Principles—A Return to Tempe." ARL: A Bimonthly Report on Research Library Issues and Actions from ARL, CNI, and SPARC, no. 215 (2001): 1-3. http://www.arl.org/newsltr/215/tempe.html

Bullington, Jeffrey, and Richard Fyffe. "From Crisis to Reform: University of Kansas Libraries Sponsor Campus Dialogue." College & Research Libraries News 62, no. 1 (2001): 24-28.

Case, Mary M. "Principles for Emerging Systems of Scholarly Publishing." ARL: A Bimonthly Report on Research Library Issues and Actions from ARL, CNI, and SPARC, no. 210 (2000): 1-4. http://www.arl.org/newsltr/210/principles.html

Chodorow, Stanley A. "The Tempe Principles in Practice." The Serials Librarian 42, no. 1/2 (2002): 29-39.

Ferriero, David S. "A View from the Scholarly Communication Trenches: 'Tempe Principles' Stir Faculty Discussion." ARL: A Bimonthly Report on Research Library Issues and Actions from ARL, CNI, and SPARC, no. 212 (2000): 10. http://www.arl.org/newsltr/212/scholcom.html

Magner, Denise K. "Seeking a Radical Change in the Role of Publishing." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 16 June 2000, A16-A17.

2.7 Washington DC Principles for Free Access to Science

Farnham, Peter, and William R. Brinkley. "Society Publishers Provide More Than Open Access." The Scientist 18, no. 13 (2004): 8.

Giles, Jim. "Societies Take United Stand on Journal Access." Nature, 25 March 2004, 356.

Guterman, Lila. "Scientific Societies' Publishing Arms Unite against Open-Access Movement." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 26 March 2004, A20. http://chronicle.com/cgi2-bin/printable.cgi?article=http://chronicle.com/prm/weekly/v50/i29/29a02001.htm

Iglehart, John K. "Global Health Policy and Free Access to Information." Health Affairs 23, no. 3 (2004): 7-8. http://content.healthaffairs.org/cgi/content/full/23/3/7

Malakoff, David. "Scientific Societies Lay Out 'Free Access' Principles." Science Magazine, 26 March 2004, 1959.

Mantell, Katie. "US Societies Back Expanded Free Access to Research." SciDev.Net, 18 March 2004. http://www.scidev.net/news/index.cfm?fuseaction=readnews&itemid=1280&language=1

McConnell, Greg. "Online Journals Seek Alternatives to Open Access." AAP News 25, no. 1 (2004): 14. http://aapnews.aappublications.org/cgi/content/full/25/1/14

Quint, Barbara. "Sci-Tech Not-for-Profit Publishers Commit to Limited Open Access." Information Today NewsBreaks & The Weekly News Digest, 22 March 2004. http://www.infotoday.com/newsbreaks/nb040322-2.shtml

Serva, Sandy. "Free For All? The Science of Publishing Research Online." EContent 27, no. 6 (2004): 11-12. http://www.ecmag.net/Articles/ArticleReader.aspx?ArticleID=6611&IssueID=208

Suber, Peter. "Reflections on the DC Principles." SPARC Open Access Newsletter, no. 72 (2004). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/04-02-04.htm#dc

"Washington DC Principles for Free Access to Science." 16 March 2004. http://www.dcprinciples.org/statement.pdf

2.8 Wellcome Trust Position Statement and Research Reports

Burke, Katherine. "Research Should Be Accessible to All, Says Wellcome Trust." BMJ, 11 October 2003, 828. http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/327/7419/828-b

Butler, Declan. "Wellcome to Fund Publication in Open-Access Journals." Nature, 2 October 2003, 440.

Mantell, Katie. "Open Access 'Can Cut Costs by Up to 30 Per Cent.'" SciDev.Net, 30 April 2004. http://www.scidev.net/news/index.cfm?fuseaction=readnews&itemid=1343&language=1

"Open Access Gets a Wellcome Boost." 3 November 2003. http://www.biomedcentral.com/openaccess/news/?issue=8

Pickering, Bobby. "Wellcome Says OA Will Reduce Publishing Costs." Information World Review, 12 May 2004. http://www.iwr.co.uk/iwreview/1155082

Pincock, Stephen. "Wellcome Support for Open Access." The Scientist, 1 October 2003. http://www.biomedcentral.com/news/20031001/03/

SQW Limited. Costs and Business Models in Scientific Research Publishing: A Report Commissioned by the Wellcome Trust. London: The Wellcome Trust, 2004. http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/en/images/costs_business_7955.pdf

———. Economic Analysis of Scientific Research Publishing: A Report Commissioned by the Wellcome Trust. London: The Wellcome Trust, 2003. http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/en/images/SciResPublishing3_7448.pdf

Suber, Peter. "Wellcome Trust Commits to Open Access." SPARC Open Access Newsletter, no. 66 (2003). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/10-02-03.htm#wellcome

Weitzman, Jonathan B., and Robert Terry. "Wellcome Support for Open Access." Open Access Now, 5 July 2004. http://www.biomedcentral.com/openaccess/archive/?page=features&issue=18

"Wellcome Report Says Open Access Will Significantly Reduce Publishing Costs." Open Access Now, 7 June 2004. http://www.biomedcentral.com/openaccess/news/?issue=17#news2

Wellcome Trust. "Scientific Publishing: A Position Statement by the Wellcome Trust in Support of Open Access Publishing." 1 October 2003. http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/en/1/awtvispolpub.html

2.9 World Summit on the Information Society Declaration of Principles and Plan of Action

Ashling, Jim. "World Summit Gets Contentious." Information Today 20, no. 11 (2003): 30-31.

Dickson, David. "Information Summit Endorses Key Role of 'E-Science.'" SciDev.Net, 14 December 2003. http://www.scidev.net/news/index.cfm?fuseaction=readnews&itemid=1157&language=1

———. "The Threat to Science as a 'Public Good.'" SciDev.Net, 17 March 2003. http://www.scidev.net/Editorials/index.cfm?fuseaction=readEditorials&itemid=55&language=1

———. "UN Meeting Urged to Back Open Access Science." SciDev.Net, 7 December 2003. http://www.scidev.net/News/index.cfm?fuseaction=readNews&itemid=1135&language=1

———. "WSIS Hears Plea for Open Access." SciDev.Net, 11 December 2003. http://www.scidev.net/news/index.cfm?fuseaction=readnews&itemid=1145&language=1

Kaser, Dick. "World Summit Embraces Open Access, Libraries." Information Today 21, no. 2 (2004): 1, 27.

Lyons, Patrice A. "The World Meets the Internet." D-Lib Magazine 10, no. 3 (2004). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/march04/lyons/03lyons.html

Mantell, Katie. "World Summit Urged to Make Science More Available." SciDev.Net, 10 December 2003. http://www.scidev.net/News/index.cfm?fuseaction=readNews&itemid=1142&language=1

Shimmon, Ross. "Digital Opportunity or Flashy Fizzle?" American Libraries 35, no. 2 (2004): 24-25.

Weitzman, Jonathan B., and Francis Muguet. "Lobbying for Open Access Legislation." Open Access Now, 7 June 2004. http://www.biomedcentral.com/openaccess/archive/?page=features&issue=17

World Summit on the Information Society. "Declaration of Principles." 12 December 2003. http://www.itu.int/dms_pub/itu-s/md/03/wsis/doc/S03-WSIS-DOC-0004!!PDF-E.pdf

———. "Plan of Action." 12 December 2003. http://www.itu.int/dms_pub/itu-s/md/03/wsis/doc/S03-WSIS-DOC-0005!!PDF-E.pdf

"World Summit on the Information Society Calls for Open Access." Open Access Now, 16 February 2004. http://www.biomedcentral.com/openaccess/news/?issue=13

2.10 Other

Association of College & Research Libraries. "Principles and Strategies for the Reform of Scholarly Communication." (2003). http://www.ala.org/ala/acrl/acrlpubs/whitepapers/principlesstrategies.htm

Case, Mary M. "Framing the Issue: Open Access." ARL: A Bimonthly Report on Research Library Issues and Actions from ARL, CNI, and SPARC, no. 226 (2003): 8-11. http://www.arl.org/scomm/open_access/framing.html

Chillingworth, Mark. "Scots Declare Support for Open Access." Information World Review, 19 August 2004. http://www.iwr.co.uk/IWR/1157450

Group of Eight. "Statement on Open Access to Scholarly Information." 25 May 2004. https://mx2.arl.org/Lists/SPARC-OAForum/Message/754.html

Ibero-American Science & Technology Education Consortium. "Open Access to Scholarship and Research in Latin America." 15 July 2004. http://dll.istec.org/modules.php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=54

Interacademy Panel on International Issues. "2003 Statement: Access to Scientific Information." 4 December 2003. http://www.interacademies.net/iap/iaphome.nsf/weblinks/WWWW-5U6HHG?OpenDocument

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions. "IFLA Statement on Open Access to Scholarly Literature and Research Documentation." December 2003. http://www.ifla.org/V/cdoc/open-access04.html

Medical Library Association. "MLA Statement on Open Access." October 2003. http://www.mlanet.org/government/info_access/openaccess_statement.html

Morrison, Heather. "Library Associations and Open Access: Update." 22 June 2004. http://www.library.yale.edu/~llicense/ListArchives/0406/msg00128.html

Peek, Robin. "The Free-Access Debate Flourishes." Information Today 21, no. 5 (2004): 17-18.

Special Libraries Association. "Statement Regarding Open Access." 5 June 2004. http://www.sla.org/content/SLA/advocacy/OpenAccess.cfm

Spedding, Vanessa. "Will Learned Societies Signal the Change?" Research Information (May/June 2004). http://www.researchinformation.info/rimayjun04learnedsocieties.html

Suber, Peter. "The Havana Declaration." Free Online Scholarship Newsletter, 23 January 2002. http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/01-23-02.htm

———. "Two Other FOS Declarations." Free Online Scholarship Newsletter, 30 January 2002. http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/01-30-02.htm

"Support for Open Access from Russian Scholarly Society." Open Access Now, 6 October 2003. http://www.biomedcentral.com/openaccess/news/?issue=6

"The Valparaiso Declaration for Improved Scientific Communication in the Electronic Medium." 4 February 2004. https://mx2.arl.org/Lists/SPARC-OAForum/Message/519.html

van Reenen, Johann. "Brazil Supports Open Access to Scientific Information." 16 June 2004. https://mx2.arl.org/Lists/SPARC-OAForum/Message/793.html

Wray, Richard. "Commercial Publishers Face Scottish Open Access Challenge." The Guardian, 20 August 2004. http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/story/0,3604,1286992,00.html